• Colorectal cancer facts Each week, about 400 Canadians are diagnosed with colorectal cancer, and 167 die of it. This makes it the second most common cause of cancer-related death for Canadians. Most cases are diagnosed in people over the age of 50. Colorectal cancer is a type of cancer that affects the colon and the rectum, which are part of the bowel.

  • Detecting colorectal cancer The main screening method for people at high risk of colorectal cancer is a colonoscopy. During this test, an endoscope, a flexible fibre-optic tube, is inserted into the colon to look for bleeding, polyps, or tumours. Although the procedure can be a bit uncomfortable, is should not be painful.

  • There are a variety of treatments for early colorectal cancer, including surgery, chemotherapy, and radiation. Surgery Surgery is the most common treatment for early-stage colorectal cancer, and it can often provide a cure. The earlier the stage of the cancer, the more likely it is that surgery can cure it.

  • Treatment of colorectal cancer that has spread to other parts of the body (also called "metastatic colorectal cancer") depends on the location of the cancer (i.e., where the cancer has spread). Surgery If cancer has spread only to the liver or lungs, surgery is the only treatment that may provide a cure.

  • There are many ways to reduce your risk of colorectal cancer: Regular screening Having regular screening tests (such as a colonoscopy) for colorectal cancer is an important part of colorectal cancer prevention. Removing polyps during screening can help stop colorectal cancer before it starts. Healthy lifestyle changes By making the following healthy changes to your lifestyle, you may be able to lower your risk of colorectal cancer: Make exercise a regular habit.

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